What to Put in an Emergency and Disaster Bug-Out Bag

A bug-out bag or evacuation kit contains everything a person needs to survive a few days after a man-made or natural disaster strikes. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) warns citizens that essential services, such as electricity, water, communications, and emergency services may not be available at that time.

Ideally, you should have enough basic provisions to keep you alive for at least three days. Each household member should have their own survival bag. Some people 7.62×39 bulk ammo have several. They keep one at home, in the car, and at the office. This is recommended, because you never know where you will be at the time of an evacuation. Each kit should be personalized to meet an individual’s specific needs, and contain identification papers and emergency money – in small bills. Banks and ATM machines may be out of reach or inoperative.

Select the Right Bag

The first thing you should address is where to put all your supplies. Keeping your gear in a tote or trash bag is impractical, as you may have to carry your provisions around for several days. Select a bag that allows you to be mobile, because there is no guarantee that you have access to a vehicle. A quality hiking backpack with sturdy shoulder straps would be an excellent choice. They are not cheap, but if you are lucky, you may find one at a secondhand shop. While you are there, look for other necessities as well.

You need at leastone gallon of water per person per day. Take more during the summer or if you are going to eat dehydrated or freeze-dried foods. It is better to have a little too much then not enough. Choose high-energy foods with great nutritional value, and keep in mind that freeze dried foods are light and compact.

Rotate the foods as needed to guarantee freshness. If you have an EMP-blast resistant, secure vehicle, pack a second bag with extra water, food, tent, and sleeping bags. Do not forget your utensils, a can opener, military or camping-style cooking pan, and some form of cook stove. Buy a compact set to save on space in your 72-hour emergency kit. If you have room, include water purification tablets or a portable water filter.

Pack at least one change of comfortable clothes, quality socks, and underwear. Replace the items every time you lose or gain weight. Non-fitting clothes are useless. Add a pair of sturdy walking shoes. Depending on the type of disaster and your location at the time of the evacuation, transportation may not be available. Pack a coat or sweater for cold nights and bad weather.

Emergency Supplies

Prepare for every possible situation. You may need a Swiss Army knife, flashlight, hand-crank or solar-powered radio, candle, safety pins, notepad and pencil, a compass, road map, spare glasses, and a sewing kit. Keep matches and lighters in a waterproof container. They are worthless when wet. Dental floss can be used for more than removing plaque from your teeth. Try to avoid items that need batteries. No bug-out bag is complete without a first-aid kit and extra medication.

Toilet paper for campers is compact. It stays clean and dry in a re-sealable plastic bag. Pack soap, toothpaste and brush, shampoo, and hand sanitizer, as well as feminine hygiene products and diapers for babies. Do not skimp on sanitary napkins. They are perfect to stop heavy bleeding. Razor blades can also have multiple purposes.

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